Integrity, Independence and Accountability of the Judiciary – Centre of Expertise Programme 22 The European Commission for the Efficiency of Justice (CEPEJ) aims to improve the efficiency and functioning of justice in Council of Europe Member States, and promotes international cooperation between jurisdictions to design standards for the judiciary and to share experiences among judicial authorities. Th e European Network of Councils for the Judiciary (ENCJ) unites the national institutions in the Member States of the European Union which are independent of the executive and legislature, promoting international cooperation between jurisdictions and design standards for the judiciary. MEDEL ( Magistrats européens pour la démocratie et les libertés ) is an association of European magistrates and associations of magistrates, established in 1985 and promoting independence of justice, transparency of the judiciary and ethical standards for magistrates. The Rule of Law initiative supported by the American Bar Association , one of the world’s largest voluntary professional organizations, works with 7 thematic areas which include anti-corruption and public integrity, access to justice and human rights in the judicial reform area. The Centro de Estudios de Justicia de las Americas provides technical assistance for judiciary reforms, developing standards and solutions to address judiciary gaps. Academic institutes: The Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law serves as a resource centre for civil society and judicial experts, including through the ‘Minerva Research Group on Judicial Independence’. The Academy of European Law (ERA) is a non-profit public foundation that provides training in European law to legal practitioners, organises conferences and seminars, has an e-learning platform and publishes a legal journal ERA Forum. The Hague Institute for the Internationalization of Law (Hiil) is an advisory and research institute for the justice sector whose impact areas include ‘effective courts and procedures’ and ‘rule of law strengthening’ (incl. a ‘Guardians of Justice’ (GoJ) programme aimed at improving the delivery of justice by empowering local civil society organisations. Brandeis University provides research programs on judiciary capacity. Foundations supporting judicial reform programs and related civil society initiatives: The Open Society Foundations are working to secure legal remedies for bribery, the theft of public assets, and money laundering arising from the exploitation of natural resources. The King Baudouin Foundation supports projects and citizens who are committed to create a better society and to contribute towards greater justice, democracy and respect for diversity. Th e Wallace Global Fund promotes an informed and engaged citizenry to fight corruption . Bi- and Multilateral donors supporting judicial reform programs: The World Bank supports projects worldwide that engage in judicial reforms and the strengthening of the judicial systems in developing countries. The Transparency Trust Fund of the Inter-American Development Bank supports the design and implementation of policies, mechanisms and practices to promote access to information. The European Commission Directorate General for Justice focuses on the development of EU policies in area of justice and rule of law and on funding projects in these areas. Norwegian Aid supports the strengthening of South-based civil society actors’ ability to influence international, regional and national decision-making processes. The DFID Arab Partnership Participation Fund supports projects in the Middle East and North Africa region that promote good governance, such as better access to justice and support for civil society initiatives to strengthen the rule of law, transparency, integrity and tackling corruption. The Irish Aid Civil Society Programme Funding supports civil society by promoting participation and good governance, also to build a constituency for development, human rights and social justice. The Austrian Development Cooperation supports work that promotes the protection of human rights such as participation, transparency, non-discrimination and accountability in all measures. The Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC) through its department for cooperation with Eastern Europe seeks to strengthen human rights and pluralistic democracy by building political institutions that ensure the rule of law and citizens’ rights.